Cappadocia which is unique in the world and is a miraculous nature wonder is the common name of the field covered by the provinces of Aksaray, Nevşehir, Niğde, Kayseri in the Central Anatolian region. The site of nature’s wonderful formations, a central Anatolian and world heritage with a history dating back to 3000 B.C.

This awesome geography where history and nature intertwines has been host to many civilizations throughout the centuries. The unique volcanic landscape of the region took shape as a result of the erosion of the volcanic layers which spread through the area with the eruption of Erciyes, Hasandağ and Güllüdağ Mountains about 60 million years ago.

Cappadocia, which means “Land of Beautiful Horses”, in Persian language, has been the hub of many civilizations and a gigantic shelter and center for christians who fled from the Roman Empire during the Hittite period and hid in the houses and churches carved inside of rocks. A district of Nevşehir and one of the key points of the Silk Road, Cappadocia is inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage list.

The most important towns and destinations in Cappadocia are Ürgüp, Göreme, Ihlara Valley, Güzelyurt, Uçhisar, Avanos and Zelve. Among the underground cities worth seeing are Derinkuyu, Kaymakli, Gaziemir and Ozkanak. Hot-air ballooning is very popular in Cappadocia and is available in Goreme.

Key attractions include fascinating museums based on “underground cities” that were occupied by Christians trying to flee from the Roman empire, to some fabulous trekking opportunities over sunset valley and then being able to stay and relax in five star luxurious cave hotels. Not to be missed however is a once in a life-time hot air-balloon experience taking in the breath-taking views and chimney like rock formations this place has to offer.

Exciting Things to do in Cappadocia

  • Visit Goreme Open Air Museum, Pasabag (Monks Valley), Devrent Valley, Kaymaklı Underground City, Zelve Open-Air Museum, Derinkuyu Underground City, Red and Rose Valleys, Ihlara Valley, Çavusin Church and Üçhisar
  • Pottery and Ceramics Workshop in Avanos
  • Stay in a Cave Hotel
  • Horse Riding
  • Hot Air Balloon Experience